How to cope in hot weather
Why is a heat wave a problem?
The main risks posed by a heat wave are:
- Not drinking enough water (dehydration)
- overheating, which can make symptoms worse for people who already have problems with their heart or breathing
- heat exhaustion and heatstroke
Tips for coping in hot weather
The top ways for staying safe when the heat arrives are to:
- Look out for those who may struggle to keep themselves cool and hydrated. Older people, those with underlying conditions and those who live alone are particularly at risk.
- If you live alone, ask a relative or friend to phone to check that you are not having difficulties during periods of extreme heat.
- Stay cool indoors: Close curtains on rooms that face the sun to keep indoor spaces cooler and remember it may be cooler outdoors than indoors.
- If going outdoors, use cool spaces considerately.
- Drink plenty of fluids and avoid excess alcohol.
- Never leave anyone in a closed, parked vehicle, especially infants, young children or animals.
- Try to keep out of the sun between 11am to 3pm, when the UV rays are strongest.
- Walk in the shade, apply sunscreen and wear a wide-brimmed hat, if you have to go out in the heat.
- Avoid physical exertion in the hottest parts of the day.
- Make sure you take water with you, if you are travelling.
- Check the latest weather forecast and temperature warnings
- During warm weather, make sure you know the dangers of swimming in open water - Manchester Fire - water safety advice.
Useful links to more information
- NHS - Live well: heatwave - how to cope in hot weather (who is most at risk, tips, and what signs to watch out for with heat related illness)
- NHS - heat exhaustion and heatstroke (how to check for signs of heat exhaustion; prevent it and cool someone down)
- Gov.uk - Beat the heat: staying safe in hot weather (how to stay connected, keep well and find somewhere cool)
- Met Office - Weather Ready (up-to-date, expert seasonal advice from carefully selected organisations to help you prepare for and respond to the weather, to stay safe and protect yourself, your homes and businesses).